Thursday, 21 July 2011

Communication Skills

                                
                                  SHOWING INTEREST  

When we listen to other people, we often want to show them how interested we are in their conversation. We can do this by

  1. smiling with our eyes 
  2. nodding
  3. saying something to encourage the person to continue their story
                                          



One student talks. The other students respond in the 3 ways. Do this while the students are speaking ( don't wait for the other person to stop talking.)



      Ideas :

      1. My weekend
      2. My favourite person
      3.  My worst day ever
      4.  My favourite restaurant
      5.  Who does the housework in your home ?
      6.  My first boyfriend / girlfriend
      7.  My worst day at school
      8.  Something really good that happened to you
      9.  Something really embarrassing that happened to you
      10. My favourite piece of clothing





Communication Skills


Negotiating Meaning

Communication has been described as the process of negotiating meaning.
A good communicator pays close attention to their "audience" (the person or people they are speaking to) and is also an active, responsive listener.


Good Listener

  • Confirms they are understanding
  • Asks for clarification when they don't understand

Good Speaker

  • Checks that the listener is understanding
  • Clarifies when the listener doesn't understand

Confirming understanding

Yes
Right
Uhuh

Keep eye-contact and use "attentive" body language
Nod your head
In English we often say "mmm" to show that we are listening to the speaker
Use facial expression to show you don't understand

Checking for understanding


Do you know what I mean?
Do you see what I mean?
Do you follow me?

Make eye contact and check the listener's facial expression for understanding

Asking for clarification


I'm not really/quite sure what you mean
I don't really/quite see what you mean
I don't really/quite follow you
What were you saying about " ………"?
("………" is the part you didn't understand)
I am not really/quite sure what you're trying to say
I didn't get the part about "……………"
I didn't get your point about "……….."

Clarifying


What I mean is …………..
What I'm trying to say is ……….
What I want to say is …………...
My point is ……………………..



Thinking of a life in Australia? You need to learn what Vegemite is!

Vegemite
Australia's Favourite Spread


The initial concept of Vegemite was invented by Fred Walker at his food processing plant in 1923. He later sold this business to Kraft and passed on the secret recipe. It is now the most popular spread in Australia.
Australians love Vegemite Yeast Extract… it is part of Australia's history and has become a unique and loved symbol of our nation. This strange looking black spread, made by blending brewer's yeasts, is one of the richest known sources of B complex vitamins. Australians traditionally use Vegemite Yeast Extract spread thinly on buttered toast, sandwiches and biscuits.
Ingredients: Yeast extract, salt, mineral salt, (508, 509) malt extract, natural colour, (150) vegetable extract, thiamine(E), riboflavin, niacin.
5g of this food contains
Vitamin B 0.55mg
Riboflavin ).80mh'Niacin 5.5mg, which are
half the average daily allowances
.

FACT BOX:
22.7 million jars of Vegemite are manufactured in Australia every year - that's 235 jars per minute.
30 jars are sold  in Australia for every one exported.
Vegemite is a permanent fixture in nine out of ten pantries.
Vegemite is made from a blend of yeasts from a number of sources.

So there you have it......have a go!

Adjectives, Adjective Phrases and Adjective Clauses

Adjectives, Adjective Phrases and Adjective Clauses

Adjectives



beautiful                        short               young              old       green               happy              clever               fast                   slow                 interesting …

These are all adjectives.

We use adjectives to tell more about a noun:

A beautiful girl            a short man      a green pen     a fast horse      a happy cat….


Think of adjectives for these people :

Cut is a  ................. student

Joe is a  ...................boy.

Fanny is a ...................girl.

Cathy is a  ................ student.



Adjective Phrases


An adjective phrase is a group of words that tells more about a noun :


The man with the beautiful eyes is my brother.

The girl beside the window is my best friend.

The shop at the end of the street is my aunt's.







A. Answer the questions by using adjective phrases.

Example : Which girl is your sister ?  ( with the beautiful eyes)

The girl with the beautiful eyes is my sister.

1. Which dog is the oldest ? ( with the black ears )

The dog …………………………………………..

2.   Which car is the fastest ? ( with the big wheels )

The car ………………………………………….

3.   Which book is in Chinese ? ( on John's desk)

…………………………………………………..

4.    Which bag has money in it ? ( next to the door)

………………………………………………......

Adjective Clauses


Adjective clauses are like adjective phrases but they also have
 a verb and who/which/that.

The man who has beautiful eyes is my brother.
The man that has beautiful eyes is my brother.

The boy who sits beside the window is my best friend.
The boy that sits beside the window is my best friend.

The shop which is at the end of the street is my uncle's.
The shop that is at the end of the street is my uncle's.


We use "who" when talking about people
We use  "which" when talking about things.

We may use "that" for either people or things.


B. Make sentences with adjective clauses.

Example :  the man / has brown hair / my brother

The man who has brown hair is my brother.

1. The girl / is talking to Gary /  Janice

……………………………………………………..

2. The girl / has a lovely smile/  Nika

…………………………………………………….

3. The pencil case / is large and red /  Ms Bond's.

…………………………………………………….

4. The cat/ has black ears / very naughty.

……………………………………………………


C. Change the adjective phrases to adjective clauses.

Example : The man in the restaurant looked happy.

The man who was in the restaurant looked happy.


1. The present on the table is for you.

…………………………………………………….

2. The book with the red cover is very good.

…………………………………………………….

3. The boy with big eyes is called Keanu.

…………………………………………………….




When an adjective clause talks about a place, we use where .
When an adjective clauses talks about a time, we use when .

The shop where I bought this book is in ShaTin.

The day when I went to Sai Kung was very cold.


D. Complete the sentences with where or when.

Example : The building ………. she lives is very old.

The building where she lives is very old.

1. The garden ……….these flowers grow is near the school.

2. The shop ………….I bought this jacket is not expensive.

3. The night …………. Naomi met her husband was very warm.

4. The restaurant …………they had dinner was very romantic.

5. The day ……… they married was a Typhoon Signal 10 day.

6. The city ……… they had their honeymoon was a secret.

After words like "the first", "the second", "the last", "the same", we always use "that".
The last time that I phoned them, they were busy.

E. Make sentences with "that", "when" or "where".

Example : The first time …… she saw him, she knew her life had changed forever.

The first time that she saw him, she knew her life had changed forever.

1. The last time ………. I saw them, they looked very happy.

2. The day …………… they met will never be forgotten.

3. The restaurant ……….they ate will always be their favourite.

4. The first time ………..they kissed was not the last time.

The Basic Sentence Patterns of English


Sentence Patterns

The basic sentence patterns are:

1.
           
SUBJECT        
VERB
The dog
is barking.

2.

SUBJECT
VERB
OBJECT
We
feed
the dog.

3.

SUBJECT
VERB
COMPLEMENT
The dog
is
good.

4.

SUBJECT
VERB
ADVERBIAL
The dog
sleeps
all day.
The dog’s kennel
is
in the garden.

5.

SUBJECT
VERB
OBJECT
OBJECT
We
gave
the dog
a bone.

Practice making sentences with your partner :

1.
           
SUBJECT        
VERB
The dog
is barking.
We


understands.
The telephone


don’t know.
Tabitha


2.

SUBJECT
VERB
OBJECT
We
feed
the dog.
Tracy
understands



Amina.

didn’t do

The bus
hit

Nobody



3.

SUBJECT
VERB
COMPLEMENT
The dog
is
good.

was
happy.
Helen and Dorota
are


looks
beautiful.
The park



feels


4.

SUBJECT
VERB
ADVERBIAL
The dog
sleeps
all day.
The dog’s kennel
is
in the garden.
Regine
lives


cooked
yesterday.
Ling and her daughter




at 6 o’clock.


on the weekend.
Most people I know



5.

SUBJECT
VERB
OBJECT
OBJECT
We
gave
the dog
a bone.

Wrote

to her family.

didn’t tell
her husband

The three girls
wanted to give




the man on the bus
a letter.
Annika and Sveta
are sending






We can add ADVERBIALS (see type 4) to any of the sentence patterns. The order is usually place before time.

We feed the dog in the garden every day.